DNA Maternity Test
A DNA maternity test will test the relationship between a child and his/her alleged mother. It is preferable to test the child’s biological father if available in order to establish the child’s paternal DNA pattern, before assessing the matches between the child and alleged mother. However it is possible to conduct a DNA maternity test without testing the child’s biological father.
DNA Paternity Test
A DNA paternity test will test the relationship between a child and his/her alleged father. It is preferable to test the child’s biological mother if available in order to establish the child’s maternal DNA pattern, before assessing the matches between the child and alleged father. However it is possible to conduct a DNA paternity test without testing the child’s biological mother.
DNA Kinship Test
A DNA kinship test will test the relationship between two or more individuals to assess if they are biologically related. Examples of the types of relationships which can be tested include:
- Paternal grandparents compared to a grandchild
- Aunt and/or uncle compared to a niece and/or nephew
- Full siblings
- Paternal half siblings
- Maternal half siblings
A kinship test is more complicated than a straightforward paternity or maternity test and may involve more consultation with Orchid Cellmark Customer Service staff to ensure that the most appropriate individuals are being tested. There are certain instances in which it will be beneficial to test individuals other than just the Petitioner and Beneficiary.
Orchid Cellmark has a computer program that will provide an expectation of the chances that a certain testing scenario will generate conclusive results. This program can be used to determine the appropriate number of individuals to test in order to obtain a conclusive result. Please contact Orchid Cellmark at 1-800-DNA-TEST for more information.
Orchid Cellmark also has the capability of using specialized Y-STR and mitochondrial DNA technologies to test more complex patrilineal and matrilineal relationships if necessary. Orchid Cellmark representatives are well versed in all DNA technologies and will assist the client in choosing the most appropriate technology to obtain conclusive results. Please contact Orchid Cellmark at 1-800-DNA-TEST option 1 for more information.