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Orchid utilizes a network of over 5000 collection sites worldwide.

Orchid Cellmark holds multiple accreditations from various organizations and adheres to the standards of each accrediting organization. Compliance by our laboratories to these accreditation requirements provides assurance to our clients that test results provided by Orchid Cellmark are of the highest quality. Clink on the links above to learn more about our accreditations.
About Orchid Cellmark

Company Timeline

Orchid Cellmark is a recognized world leader in forensic genetic testing providing a variety of services to law enforcement agencies, government crime laboratories, and private clients. One of the first laboratories in the world to offer DNA identification, Orchid Cellmark opened in 1987 using the revolutionary technology developed by the geneticist Sir Alec Jeffreys at the University of Leicester in the United Kingdom. Orchid Cellmark has four identity testing laboratories in the United States and one in the United Kingdom (www.orchideurope.com).

Throughout its lifetime, Orchid Cellmark has remained a leader in the application of innovative DNA identity technology including the following innovations:

  • 1979
    Fong Laboratory founded in CA to conduct genetic testing. Fong will become GeneScreen Sacramento.

    National Legal Lab is founded in Michigan to conduct genetic testing. National Legal Lab will become part of Lifecodes and ultimately OCI East Lansing.
  • 1982
    National Paternity Lab is founded in Ohio to conduct genetic testing. National Paternity Lab will become GeneScreen Dayton and eventually OCI Dayton.

    Lifecodes is founded in New York.
  • 1984
    Sir Alec John Jeffreys makes the preliminary discovery that will become DNA human identity testing.
  • 1987
    Jeffreys' DNA fingerprinting technique is commercialized.

    Cellmark Diagnostics is founded in the US and the UK to provide DNA identity testing using Jeffreys' discovery. Both Cellmark labs would eventually become part of the OCI laboratory network.

    GeneScreen founded in Texas to conduct genetic testing. This facility will become OCI Dallas.
  • 1989
    Molecular Tool, the developer of early Single Nucleotinde Polymorphism (SNP) identification technology is founded.

    Helix is founded in Vancouver to conducted genetic testing. Helix will become part of Lifecodes and ultimately Orchid in 2001.
  • 1991
    Cellmark/Lifecodes offers one of the first commercially available proficiency test specifically for forensic DNA (IQAS).

    GeneScreen uses Short Tandem Repeat (STR) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) testing for human identification of casualties in the Persian Gulf War.

    GeneScreen acquires National Paternity Labs which becomes GeneScreen Dayton and ultimately OCI Dayton.
  • 1994
    Cellmark Germantown becomes the first private forensic testing lab to obtain ASCLD/LAB accreditation.

    GeneScreen acquires Fong Laboratory which becomes GeneScreen Sacramento.

    Cellmark Germantown provides DNA testing services for the OJ Simpson case.
  • 1995
    CMolecular Tool and GeneScreen develop Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP)-based genotyping tests using primer extension to perform human identifications.

    Orchid Biocomputer is founded in Princeton, N.J. Orchid Biocomputer will be come Orchid BioSciences and eventually Orchid Cellmark Inc.
  • 1996
    Micro Diagnostics is founded in Tennessee to conduct genetic testing. Micro Diagnostics will become OCI Nashville.

    Lifecodes acquires Cellmark.

    GeneScreen acquires Molecular Tool.
  • 1998
    Lifecodes acquires Helix, Micro Diagnostics and National Legal Labs.

    Orchid BioSciences acquires partial right to SNP technology from GeneScreen.
  • 1999
    OCI facilities begin processing casework with the 13 CODIS STR loci that the FBI had designated as the standard in the forensic DNA community.

    OCI Dallas begins offering Mitochondrial DNA testing services.
  • 2000
    Orchid BioSciences acquires GeneScreen.

    Cellmark provides DNA analysis services in the JonBenet Ramsey case.
  • 2001
    OCI Dallas starts offering Y-STR DNA testing services.

    Orchid Biosciences acquires Lifecodes. Orchid Biosciences also acquires Cellmark UK.
  • 2002
    OCI Dallas participates in the identification of September 11, 2001 attacks using OCI proprietary SNP technology.

    An OCI laboratory (OCI Germantown) becomes the first private forensic testing laboratory to donate a criminal case file to the Smithsonian Institution (OJ Simpson case).
  • 2005
    In 2005, Orchid Cellmark was called upon to help in the determination of the actual burial spot of William H. Bonney, aka Billy the Kid.
  • 2007
    OCI acquires Reliagene.
  • 2008
    OCI progenitor labs have processed 1.5 million paternity cases 43,000 criminal cases comprised of over 100,000 forensics samples and 700,000 convicted offender and arrestee samples.
  • 2009/2010
    Orchid consolidates E. Lansing and Nashville operations.
  • 2011
    Orchid becomes a wholly owned subsidiary of LabCorp.

Orchid Cellmark is proud to be recognized as a leader in quality, objectivity, dependability, innovation, and customer satisfaction in forensic DNA identity testing.