Orchid Cellmark is a recognized world leader in forensic genetic testing providing a variety of services to law enforcement agencies, government crime laboratories, and private clients. One of the first laboratories in the world to offer DNA identification, Orchid Cellmark opened in 1987 using the revolutionary technology developed by the geneticist Sir Alec Jeffreys at the University of Leicester in the United Kingdom. Orchid Cellmark has four identity testing laboratories in the United States and one in the United Kingdom (www.orchideurope.com).
Throughout its lifetime, Orchid Cellmark has remained a leader in the application of innovative DNA identity technology including the following innovations:
Fong Laboratory founded in CA to conduct genetic testing. Fong will become GeneScreen Sacramento.
National Legal Lab is founded in Michigan to conduct genetic testing. National Legal Lab will become part of Lifecodes and ultimately OCI East Lansing.
National Paternity Lab is founded in Ohio to conduct genetic testing. National Paternity Lab will become GeneScreen Dayton and eventually OCI Dayton.
Lifecodes is founded in New York.
Sir Alec John Jeffreys makes the preliminary discovery that will become DNA human identity testing.
Jeffreys' DNA fingerprinting technique is commercialized.
Cellmark Diagnostics is founded in the US and the UK to provide DNA identity testing using Jeffreys' discovery. Both Cellmark labs would eventually become part of the OCI laboratory network.
GeneScreen founded in Texas to conduct genetic testing. This facility will become OCI Dallas.
Molecular Tool, the developer of early Single Nucleotinde Polymorphism (SNP) identification technology is founded.
Helix is founded in Vancouver to conducted genetic testing. Helix will become part of Lifecodes and ultimately Orchid in 2001.
Cellmark/Lifecodes offers one of the first commercially available proficiency test specifically for forensic DNA (IQAS).
GeneScreen uses Short Tandem Repeat (STR) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) testing for human identification of casualties in the Persian Gulf War.
GeneScreen acquires National Paternity Labs which becomes GeneScreen Dayton and ultimately OCI Dayton.
Cellmark Germantown becomes the first private forensic testing lab to obtain ASCLD/LAB accreditation.
GeneScreen acquires Fong Laboratory which becomes GeneScreen Sacramento.
Cellmark Germantown provides DNA testing services for the OJ Simpson case.
CMolecular Tool and GeneScreen develop Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP)-based genotyping tests using primer extension to perform human identifications.
Orchid Biocomputer is founded in Princeton, N.J. Orchid Biocomputer will be come Orchid BioSciences and eventually Orchid Cellmark Inc.
Micro Diagnostics is founded in Tennessee to conduct genetic testing. Micro Diagnostics will become OCI Nashville.
Lifecodes acquires Cellmark.
GeneScreen acquires Molecular Tool.
Lifecodes acquires Helix, Micro Diagnostics and National Legal Labs.
Orchid BioSciences acquires partial right to SNP technology from GeneScreen.
OCI facilities begin processing casework with the 13 CODIS STR loci that the FBI had designated as the standard in the forensic DNA community.
OCI Dallas begins offering Mitochondrial DNA testing services.
Orchid BioSciences acquires GeneScreen.
Cellmark provides DNA analysis services in the JonBenet Ramsey case.
OCI Dallas starts offering Y-STR DNA testing services.
Orchid Biosciences acquires Lifecodes. Orchid Biosciences also acquires Cellmark UK.
OCI Dallas participates in the identification of September 11, 2001 attacks using OCI proprietary SNP technology.
An OCI laboratory (OCI Germantown) becomes the first private forensic testing laboratory to donate a criminal case file to the Smithsonian Institution (OJ Simpson case).
In 2005, Orchid Cellmark was called upon to help in the determination of the actual burial spot of William H. Bonney, aka Billy the Kid.
OCI acquires Reliagene.
OCI progenitor labs have processed 1.5 million paternity cases 43,000 criminal cases comprised of over 100,000 forensics samples and 700,000 convicted offender and arrestee samples.
Orchid consolidates E. Lansing and Nashville operations.
Orchid becomes a wholly owned subsidiary of LabCorp.
Orchid Cellmark is proud to be recognized as a leader in quality, objectivity, dependability, innovation, and customer satisfaction in forensic DNA identity testing.